Northern Marianas is an archipelago, or string of islands, in the North Pacific Ocean between Hawaii and the Philippines. It is a Commonwealth of the United States, meaning the U.S. provides support and military protection. The first settlers came from Southeast Asia between 4,000 and 2,000 B.C. They are known as the Chamorros. The Carolinian people came to Northern Marianas from the Caroline Islands in the 19th century.
Since the 1500s, Northern Marianas has seen Spanish, German and Japanese rule. During World War II, the Northern Marianas islands became a war zone, with U.S. and Japanese soldiers fighting each other. After the war, the island became a territory of the U.S.
The southern islands are made of limestone and are surrounded by coral reefs. The northern islands are formed from volcanoes, some of which are still active. Northern Marianas has a tropical climate that remains constantly mild most of the year. The islands do experience rainy and dry seasons.
Fun Facts about the Northern Marianas for Kids
- 55,000 people live in Northern Marianas.
- Northern Marianas has a land mass of 183 square miles.
- People in Northern Marianas can expect to live 77 years.
- 97 percent of adults can read.
Northern Marianas Vocabulary
- Archipelago: cluster or string of islands
- Military protection: protection against invasion
- Mild: calm
Learn More All about the Northern Marianas
Here’s a great video for kids all about the Northern Marianas:
A video tour of the seascapes in Northern Marianas.
Northern Marianas Q&A
Question: Where are the Northern Marianas Islands?
Answer: The islands sit 3,700 miles west to southwest of Hawaii. Near the islands, lies the Marianas Trench, the deepest ocean depth known at 35,810 feet deep.
Map of the Northern Marianas
Here’s a map of the country of Northern Marianas and all its cities and villages. Zoom in to get into street level or zoom out to see other countries around Northern Marianas! You can see the terrain, but also see the roads, images of the buildings and even take a 3D tour through the streets of the cities of Northern Marianas, as though you are actually there!
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