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Carlsbad Caverns National Park


Carlsbad Caverns National Park covers a total area of 46,766 acres. It is located in southeast New Mexico in the United States. There are 117 known caves in this park. Its main attraction is Carlsbad Caverns which is a system of caves.

This cave system is believed to be the oldest in the world being formed approximately 20 million years ago. In 1923, it was established as a national monument and in 1930 designated as a national park. It was declared as a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1995.


Quick Facts: –

  • The first person to explore this cave system was Jim White in 1898.
  • In 1925, a wooden staircase was built to enter Carlsbad Caverns National Park. Before that, a guano bucket was used.
  • Bat viewing a popular activity in this national park. It is home to 17 different bat species.
  • The lowest elevation in this park is 3,596 feet at Black River and the highest elevation is 6,535 feet on Guadalupe Ridge.
  • This area is also home to microbes that are found nowhere else on earth.
  • The largest caves of this cave system include Spider Cave, Slaughter Canyon Cave and Lechuguilla Cave.
  • The land that forms Carlsbad Caverns was once part of an ancient underwater reef called Capitan Reef.
  • These caves are believed to be formed when a limestone reef was forced upward to form the Guadalupe Mountains.
  • Black bears, mountain lions (cougar), wolves, striped skunk are some of the animals that can be spotted in the national park.
  • There have been fossils and bones found the National Park dating from the ice age.



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