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Bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Maryland to the south and west, and New Jersey to the north, Delaware is the second smallest state in the country. Dutch, Portuguese, and Spanish explorers came to Delaware, but Sweden formed the first permanent settlement there in 1638.

Fun Facts

  • Delaware is called the “diamond” state; Thomas Jefferson supposedly called it a jewel because of its convenient location. At only 100 miles long and 35 miles wide, it is a small jewel.
  • In 1974, a second grade class petitioned the state to make the ladybug the official state insect. State legislators agreed. Speaking of insects, the Bethany Beach firefly can only be found in Delaware.
  • The DuPont family opened a gunpowder mill in Delaware in 1802 and later began manufacturing chemicals.
  • Factories near Wilmington, Delaware produce computers, electronics, chemicals, and food.
  • These industries brought jobs to the state, but they also create pollution. Caring for the environment, including air and water, is a major priority.
  • Bridgeville, Delaware is home to the Punkin Chunkin World Championship, an annual pumpkin catapulting competition.
  • Delaware became a state in 1787, and was the first state.
  • Delaware has rich farmland and is known for its soybeans, hay, corn, poultry, and dairy products.

Delaware Quick Stats:

  • Population: 897,934
  • State capital: Dover (population 36,047
  • Largest city: Wilmington (population 70,831)
  • State bird: blue hen chicken
  • State flower: peach blossom
  • Admission to Union: December 7, 1787

Questions and Answers

Question: Did Delaware play a role in the Revolutionary War?

Answer: Yes, one man in particular was influential: Brigadier-General Caesar Rodney rode over 80 miles on horseback to Philadelphia the night of July 1, 1776 to cast the deciding vote on whether the young nation should declare independence from Great Britain.

Learn More

Watch a short video about Delaware.



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Declan, Tobin. " All Facts about Delaware ." Easy Science for Kids, May 2020. Web. 30 May 2020. < >.

APA Style Citation

Tobin, Declan. (2020). All Facts about Delaware. Easy Science for Kids. Retrieved from

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