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Exploring Planet Mars Video for Kids

 

                                                  Planet Mars

Mars, the second smallest of the solar system after Mercury, is the fourth planet from the Sun. It is named after the Roman god of war. Although Mars has only 10% of the mass of earth but it has landmass equal to the earth because 70% of earth is covered with water.

Quick Facts: –

  • Scientists have found signs of existence of liquid water in the history of Mars. Today it has only frozen water.
  • Mars has a thin atmosphere which is composed of carbon dioxide primarily. Once it had a thicker atmosphere that helped the water to flow.
  • Olympus Mon, a volcano is the tallest mountain of the entire solar system located on the planet Mars.
  • This planet has the largest dust storms in the solar system.
  • After earth, Mars is the only planet that has polar ice caps.
  • This planet is known to have season as well but they are much longer than earth seasons.
  • Mars has the least circular orbit path among all the planets of solar system.
  • This planet has two moons, Phobos and Deimos, discovered in 1877 by Asaph Hall. Their composition is very much similar to asteroids.
  • Mars does not have any magnetic field. Some scientists believe that once a magnetic field existed there around 4 billion years ago.
  • It is also known as the Red Planet because it has a brownish red surface.
  • Mars has only 15% of the earth’s volume.
  • This planet has a red tint because of the presence of a mineral called iron oxide. It is also known as rust and has the consistency of talcum powder.
  • A Martian day is about 24 hours 39 minutes long.
 

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