Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher who is known for his comprehensive and systematic work in epistemology. He was one of the foremost thinkers of the Enlightenment. He was born on April 22, 1724 in Konigsberg, Prussia.
He lived in this remote province for his entire life. His father was a descendant of a Scottish immigrant and his mother was a German woman. Immanuel was the fourth of nine children but the eldest surviving child.
Quick Facts: –
- Immanuel Kant entered the Pietist school that his pastor directed. He was eight years old at that time.
- He started taking an interest in physics, both astronomical objects and the earth at a very young age.
- In 1740, he entered the University of Konigsberg and studied the philosophy of Leibniz and his follower Christian Wolff.
- When Kant was alive, Konigsberg was the second largest city in the kingdom of Prussia.
- In 1746, he left Konigsberg to take up a job as a tutor of Count Kayserling and his family.
- In 1755 Immanuel Kant became a lecturer and remained in this position until 1770.
- He has made immense contributions to the evolution of scientific philosophy.
- He also proposed a nebular theory of the formation of the solar system which states the Sun and the planets condensed from a single gaseous cloud.
- He died on February 12, 1804. His final words were “Es ist gut” meaning “It is good”.