The Indus River is one of longest rivers in Asia and the longest in Pakistan measuring 1,988 miles in length. It ranks 21st in the world on the basis of length. The word Indus has been derived from an ancient Greek word “Indos”.
The Indus Valley Civilization is one of the earliest civilizations in the world. The drainage basin of the river covers an area of about 3,84,000 square miles. More than 60 percent of the drainage basin area of this river is located in Pakistan.
Quick Facts: –
- It rises in western Tibet and runs north-west between the Karakoram and the Himalayas mountain ranges.
- The upper Indus River is fed by snow and melted glacial water from mountain ranges.
- The main tributaries of this river system are Ravi, Beas, Satluj, Jhelam, Kishenganga and Chenab.
- The Indus River is also known as the Abasin River or the Sindhu River.
- It was crossed by Alexander the Great and his army during his Asian campaign.
- It plays an important role in providing water for agriculture and food production in Pakistan.
- It displays a phenomenon tidal bore which is believed to be observed in only a few rivers.
- The average annual flow of the river has been estimated to be around 207 cube kilometers.
- The Indus River Valley is one of the driest regions in southern Asia.