The Matterhorn is one of the most recognized peaks that make up the Alps. It straddles two countries, Switzerland and Italy. This mountain is the result of the collision of two pieces of the earth’s crust, the African Plate and the European Plate. It is also the tenth highest mountain in the Switzerland at a height of 4,478 meters.
This mountain’s name is German where Matte means “meadow” and horn means “peak”. In Italian, it is called Monte Cervino and in French, Mont Cervin. All four faces of the pyramidal-shaped mountain face the four cardinal directions East, West, North and South.
Quick Facts: –
- The first ascent to the top of Mount Matterhorn was made by a team of 7 members on July 14th 1865. They made their ascent from the Swiss side.
- During the descent, four of the seven climbers fell to their deaths. The remaining three men were saved because the rope linking all of them broke.
- Just three days later, another team completed the ascent through the Lion Ridge from Italy.
- On July 22, 1871, Lucy Walker became the first woman ever to reach the top of the mountain.
- The world’s largest snow igloo was built at the mountain’s base. It measures 42 feet in diameter inside.
- Ulrich Inderbinen was the oldest mountaineer to have climbed the mountain. He was 89 years old at that time.
- Every year approximately 3,000 people ascend Mount Matterhorn. Over 500 people died while attempting to climb this.
- Both a rail road and a cable car to the summit have been proposed.