South Carolina

Native peoples fought against Spanish and English colonization, but the English created a permanent colony in what is now South Carolina in 1670. This colony, Charleston, has become a charming historic city, as well as an important port for trade.

Fun Facts

  • South Carolina is bordered by North Carolina, Georgia, and the Atlantic Ocean. It has hot summers and mild winters. Hurricanes are common.
  • South Carolina was the first state to leave the Union during the Civil War. Before the war, the state’s cotton, rice, and indigo crops brought prosperity. These crops were produced with slave labor. After the war, South Carolinians struggled to rebuild.
  • Agriculture is still an important part of the state’s economy. Chickens, beef cattle, dairy products, tobacco, and cotton are all produced here.
  • Local artisans in the Mount Pleasant community weave sweet grass baskets. The baskets originated in Africa and were used by slaves to harvest rice.
  • Snow rarely falls in South Carolina, but when it does, the state closes down. Ice storms cause dangerous conditions.
  • In 1886, an earthquake in South Carolina killed more than 100 people.
  • A sea monster named “Messie” reportedly lives in Lake Murray.
  • South Carolina produces more peaches than Georgia. The town of Gaffey built a water tower shaped like a peach.
  • Getting a tattoo in South Carolina was illegal until 2004.
  • Morgan Island is home to 4,000 rhesus monkeys, which are kept by scientists for AIDS research.


South Carolina Quick Stats

Population: 4,625,364

State capital: Columbia (population, 129,272)

Largest city: Columbia (population, 129,272)

State bird: Carolina wren

State flower: yellow jessamine

Questions and Answers

Question: Did South Carolina play a large role in the Civil War?

Answer: The Civil War began in 1861 when Confederate troops fired at Union troops guarding Fort Sumter, in South Carolina.


Learn More

Watch a short video about South Carolina.