All About Sugar

Sugar has a bad reputation, but is its reputation deserved? In small amounts, sugar is probably fine. The problem is that most Americans eat more sugar than they should.

Too much sugar can cause tooth decay or lead to weight gain and illness. Today, the average American eats 150 to 170 pounds of sugar each year. During George Washington’s time, most people ate less than 6 pounds of sugar annually.


Fun Facts

  • Sugar is a carbohydrate found in plants, including fruits and vegetables. Through the process of photosynthesis, plants make sucrose, a natural sugar.
  • Some sugar in our diets is necessary for healthy brain development and energy.
  • Sugar is most concentrated in two plants: sugar cane and sugar beets. White granulated sugar is made by extracting the sucrose from these two plants.
  • Brown sugar is white sugar mixed with molasses. In England, people use Demerara sugar, a light-brown sugar; and Muscovado sugar, a dark-brown sugar.
  • Powdered sugar is ground sugar mixed with a small amount of cornstarch.
  • Sugar has 15 calories per teaspoon.
  • We tend to think of sugar as an ingredient in candy and cookies, but sugar is also found in cereal, bread, ketchup, and many other products.
  • To stay healthy, most people don’t have to give up sugar entirely. Instead, eat a varied diet including lots of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, dairy products, and protein, such as chicken. Think of candy and desserts as a “once in a while” food.
  • Farmers in Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Oregon, Washington, Colorado, and a few other states with cooler climates grow sugar beets. Nearby factories process the sugar beets and turn them into sugar.
  • Sugar cane grows in warm climates, such as Texas, Florida, and Louisiana.



  1. Carbohydrate: a compound found in food that provides energy
  2. Sucrose: a sugar found naturally in plants
  3. Extract: remove or take out of


Questions and Answers

Question: What foods should I limit?

Answer: Obviously, foods like candy and cookies contain sugar, but sugary drinks are one of the biggest problems for kids. Limit or avoid drinking soda, sugary drinks, and even fruit juices. Here’s a good guideline: drink a small glass of fruit juice for breakfast, milk for lunch and dinner, and water the rest of the day.


Question: What is sugar good for in the body?

Answer: Our brains require sugar in other to function properly everyday, it is estimated that the human brain needs 130 grams per day. Our bodies require energy and sugar is called upon before fat and protein as it’s quicker to breakdown. So in a nutshell sugar in moderation is important.


Question: What is the max amount of sugar you should have per day?

Answer: According to the NHS (National Health Service) in the UK, Adults should have no more than 7 cubes of sugar per day (30g of free sugar), children aged 7 years to 10 year no than 6 cubes (24g of free sugar), children aged 4 years to 6 years no more than 5 cubes (19g of free sugar).




Learn More

Find lesson plans and publications about sugar.

Visit a sugar beet farm in Montana.