The Volga River is the longest river in the Europe with a length of 3,692 kilometers and also the largest in terms of discharge and size of watershed. It is located entirely in Russia and covers approximately two-fifths area of the country. It passes through cities including Astrakhan, Volgograd, Saratov, Samara, Ulyanovsk, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod etc.
The course of this river is divided in three different parts which are the upper Volga, the Middle Volga and the lower Volga. It originates in the Valdai Hills and receives water from around 200 different tributaries. This river has total of 10 dams along its route.
Quick Facts: –
- The delta of the Volga River is the largest estuary in Europe. It has several smaller rivers and streams.
- This rives freezes for the most part of its length for three months every year.
- In some areas the river is so wide that you cannot see the other side of it.
- The valley of this river provides a huge amount of wheat and some minerals like salt, potash, petroleum etc.
- Russian people have deep feelings for the Volga River and they refer to it as “Mother Volga”.
- This river flows more slowly as compared to other rivers because it does not fall much from its source to its mouth.
- Volga River is navigable for almost all of its length and has been used for transportation purposes for years and years.
- It also served as an important trade route from Scandinavia and Volga Bulgaria with Khazaria and Persia.
- Because of the sheer size of the river and its basin it has an immense economic and cultural importance in the country.