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For thousands of years, native people lived in the area that is now Washington. These people were adept fishers and boatmen. Spanish and English explorers visited Washington in the mid-1700s. The U.S. gained the Washington territory from Spain and Britain in the mid-1800s.



Flag of Washington

Fun Facts

  • Western Washington has a mild, but rainy, climate, while eastern Washington is colder and drier. The state is bordered by Oregon, Idaho, Canada, and the Pacific Ocean.
  • The forests in the Olympic Peninsula are dense and lush because they get so much rainfall. This area is one of the few cold climate rainforests on the planet.
  • Agriculture plays a big role in eastern Washington. The state is a major producer of wheat, cherries, and apples.
  • Forestry and technology are also big industries here. Cheap electricity created by rushing rivers and the Grand Coulee Dam help fuel industries like Boeing and Microsoft.
  • Starbucks coffee is also headquartered in Washington, which makes sense. Seattle, with its wet, gray weather, is known for being a coffee mecca.
  • St. Helens erupted in 1980, spewing lava and ash for miles. The eruption caused the land to sink by 1,314 feet, causing the largest landslide ever recorded.
  • About 90 Orca, also known as killer whales, live in the Puget Sound.


Quick Stats

Population: 6,724,540

State capital: Seattle (population, 608,680)

Largest city: Olympia (population, 46,478)

State flower: Coast Rhododendron

State bird: American Goldfinch


Seal of Washington

Learn More

Watch a video about Washington.



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Declan, Tobin. " Facts for kids about Washington ." Easy Science for Kids, Jan 2021. Web. 21 Jan 2021. < >.

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