What Causes a Tsunami Video for Kids

                                               Tsunami Facts

Tsunami can be defined as a series of ocean waves. They are generally caused by an underwater earthquake, landslide or volcanic eruptions. Sometimes it can be generated by a giant meteor impact with the ocean. They exist and have caused damages since ages. When tsunami hits shallow waters, it slow down but increase in height. Tsunami is a Japanese word that means ‘harbour wave’. Sometimes, tsunamis are referred as tidal waves but this is not correct as both of them are not related. Their incredible power can be very much destructive.

Quick Facts: –

  • Most of the tsunamis happen within the Ring of Fire. It is geological area in the Pacific Ocean where volcanoes and earthquakes are more common.
  • They can race across the ocean at a huge speed of 970 kmph.
  • Signs of a tsunami are earthquakes, rumbling in the ground etc.
  • Series of waves are generally called as ‘wave train’.
  • The long wavelength of a tsunami helps it to maintain its strength while moving towards the shore.
  • The deadliest tsunami was the one that happened in the Indian Ocean in 2004.
  • According to a recent report, it is estimated that two major tsunamis are happening each year.
  • Swimming will not help you survive a tsunami.
  • Hawaii is the state with the Highest Tsunami risk. On an average, this state has at least one incident each year.
  • Tsunamis can be predicted most of the time on the basis of calculations involving the depth of the surrounding water.
  • The first wave to hit shore is not usually the strongest.