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White Sea


The White Sea is an almost landlocked part of the extended Arctic Ocean. It covers a total area of approximately 35,000 square miles. It is also one of the smallest seas in Russia. It is located to the south of the Barents Sea, on Russia’s northwest coast.

The average depth of this sea is 60 meters and maximum depth is about 330 meters. It has got this name because it is covered with ice for six to seven months of the year. The White Sea is connected with the Baltic Sea through a canal which was finished in early the 1930’s.


Quick Facts: –

  • The level of water in the White Sea varies by about two meters during the tides.
  • This sea has an irregular shape which is formed by large gulfs including Onega, Dvina, Mezen, and Kandalaksha.
  • It has a high level of bio-diversity as it is home to 700 species of multicellular invertebrates, about 60 species of fish, and 5 species of marine mammals.
  • Kandalaksha Gulf is the deepest part of the sea and its largest island is the Velikiy Island.
  • Russian people also call this sea by the name Beloye More, also spelled as Beloje.
  • Major rivers flowing into this sea are Mezen, Kuloy, Vyg, Niva, Umba, Varzuga, and Ponoy.
  • The seabed of the central part and Dvina Bay is covered in silt and sand.
  • The Kiy Island in the Onega Bay is also home to a famous historic monastery.
  • The salt water current from the Barents Sea is one of the major reasons for constant salinity of the White Sea.



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