Industrial Revolution

All about Industry Fun Facts for Kids - Image of an Electronics Industry
All about Industry Fun Facts for Kids - Image of an Electronics Industry

Is there something you’re good at making or doing? Maybe you’re the best cookie maker on your block. Perhaps your best friend is an expert bracelet maker. You could sell or trade your cookies for a bracelet. Your friend will tell other friends about your fabulous cookies and soon you’ll sell cookies to everyone at your school. A cottage industry is born.

Industry Facts For Kids

  • Industries produce goods or services.
  • Manufacturing is making products on a large scale.
  • Agriculture is the industry of farming.
  • Silicon Valley is a tech industry hub.
  • The oil industry is pivotal for energy.
  • Hollywood represents the film industry.
  • Fashion industry sets global style trends.
  • Steel industry was key in the Industrial Revolution.
  • Auto industry shapes transportation.
  • Industries can have major environmental impacts.


Manufacturing, an intriguing aspect of the industrial sector, plays an essential role in the production of various everyday products, ranging from simple items like toys and books to complex ones such as cars and computers. This large-scale process transforms raw materials like wood, metal, and plastic into finished goods, utilizing both machine-operated and human-involved operations.

Besides its direct influence on daily life, manufacturing also significantly impacts a nation’s economic health. For instance, in the United States, it boosted the economy by $2.33 trillion in 2018 alone. Furthermore, the expansive nature of this industry provides numerous job opportunities in various roles, including engineering, factory work, design, and project management.

Supply chain

Supply chain is a vital component of any industry, with the core function of efficiently facilitating the journey of products from manufacturers to the end consumers. This intricate process encompasses various stages such as production, storage, transportation, and distribution. For instance, consider a toy factory.

Its supply chain would initiate with the procurement of raw materials such as plastic and fabric, which are then transformed into toys during the manufacturing phase. Following this, these toys are stored in warehouses until they are ready to be transported to retail outlets, from where they finally reach the children. The supply chain essentially acts as a seamless conveyor belt, ensuring that your beloved toys are delivered straight from the factory to your home.

Mass production

Mass production, a captivating facet of the industrial realm, is a process that may intrigue children. It entails efficiently manufacturing large volumes of identical products, usually employing assembly lines and automated machines.

An interesting historical tidbit is that the first true instance of mass production dates back to the 15th century with the inception of the printing press, which revolutionized book production. However, the Industrial Revolution in the 18th and 19th centuries marked a significant expansion of mass production, notably in the textile and iron industries. In modern times, mass production is utilized for a wide array of products, ranging from toys and apparel to automobiles and electronics.

The advent of mass production has expedited and reduced the cost of production, thereby making these products more economically accessible to people globally.

Sector growth rates

Understanding the growth rates of various industries is crucial in comprehending the evolution of the economy. This can be likened to children observing the growth of their favorite trees in the park, where some flourish rapidly while others take a more gradual pace. For instance, the technology sector, encompassing companies that manufacture items like computers or video games, has witnessed swift growth due to the increasing use of technology in daily life.

Conversely, more traditional sectors such as agriculture or manufacturing might experience more gradual growth. This slower pace doesn’t diminish their importance, but rather suggests these sectors may not be expanding as swiftly due to factors such as fully developed markets or technological advancements enhancing efficiency.

Technological innovation

The profound transformation of various industries and the significant impact on our lives brought about by technological innovation is a reality that children should be made aware of. A case in point is the revolution in the communication industry brought about by the advent of smartphones, enabling us to send messages, conduct video calls, and collaborate on projects with people globally, all from a device that fits in our pockets.

Similarly, the introduction of robotics in the manufacturing sector has exponentially boosted productivity and efficiency, given the capacity of robots to work tirelessly around the clock. In the realm of healthcare, the advent of cutting-edge technologies such as MRI machines and laser surgeries has revolutionized the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, making them much more precise and minimally invasive. These instances serve as a testament to the transformative role that technological advancements have played across various sectors.

Industrial regulations

Government-imposed industrial regulations, which comprise of rules and standards, play a crucial role in ensuring fair, safe, and environmentally respectful operations within industries. These regulations are imperative for protecting workers, consumers, and the environment by setting restrictions such as limiting the amount of pollution a factory can emit into the air or water, and mandating safe working conditions for employees.

By enforcing these regulations, industries are held accountable and encouraged to adopt more sustainable practices, thereby contributing to a safer and healthier planet for future generations.

Market leaders

In a specific sector, market leaders are corporations that boast the most sales or cater to the largest customer base and usually lead the way in trend-setting, price influencing, and significantly impacting the market.

Such dominant companies, like the tech titans Apple, Google, and Amazon in the technology sector, dictate product creation and sales methods due to their widespread acceptance of their products and services used daily by numerous individuals.

While this leadership position boosts profitability, it also imposes a responsibility on these corporations to guarantee reliable, safe, and beneficial products and services for their consumers.

Globalization effects

Globalization has significantly influenced numerous industries across the globe, fostering a more intertwined and mutually reliant world. This concept is interesting for children to understand, especially when they realize that the items they frequently use such as toys, attire, or technology devices are not manufactured in one single location.

For example, components of their preferred video game console might be produced in Japan, assembled in China, and finally marketed in the United States, a phenomenon made possible by globalization. This global integration facilitates companies to function and trade internationally, leading to the emergence and growth of multinational corporations with offices, factories, and businesses scattered across various countries.

Nevertheless, it is critical to acknowledge that globalization brings both advantages and disadvantages. While it has spurred job creation and economic expansion in numerous countries, it has also exacerbated problems such as income disparity and environmental pollution.

Labor trends

The evolution of labor trends across various industries over time has also permeated the sphere of jobs suitable for children. Traditionally, children’s involvement in labor was largely limited to assisting in family businesses or farms. However, contemporary laws now rigorously regulate child labor to ensure safety and education. Despite these restrictions, today’s youth can still engage in the labor force via part-time jobs or internships, typically within the retail or service industry, providing them with invaluable work experience. Additionally, technological advancement and the emergence of digital platforms have opened up new earning opportunities for kids, including coding, content creation, and online tutoring. These progressive trends are reshaping the future labor landscape, fostering greater flexibility and diversity.

Environmental impact

The impact of industry on the environment is a crucial topic for children to grasp. Various industries generate waste and pollutants that can detrimentally affect our air, water, and land. For example, factories frequently emit harmful gases and chemicals into the atmosphere, causing air pollution. Similarly, industries such as oil refineries and mining can pollute water sources, impacting not just aquatic life, but also our daily water quality.

Additionally, as industries expand and demand more space, they contribute to deforestation and habitat destruction. Nonetheless, many industries are becoming aware of these environmental impacts and moving towards sustainability. They are adopting practices such as waste recycling, utilization of cleaner energy sources, and employing strategies to decrease their environmental footprint.

Easy Earth Science for Kids All about Industry - Image of a Water Bottle Factory
Easy Earth Science for Kids All about Industry – Image of a Water Bottle Factory

Small industries started in just this way – people selling goods and services to each other. For hundreds of years, cottage industries were the only industries around. In the late 1700s, though, people started factories where workers could produce goods more quickly and reliably because of machines, such as sewing machines. Today, there are many types of industries around the world.

Easy Kids Science Facts on Industry - Image of a Plastic Industry
Easy Kids Science Facts on Industry – Image of a Plastic Industry

Fun Facts about Industry for Kids

  • In the 1750s in England, garment factories used spinning machines and looms to make fabric. The factories employed many people who had worked on farms before. Life began to change.
  • Other factories opened. Car manufacturers opened factories to make cars. Not only adults, but children went to work in the factories. They worked long hours and the conditions were often unsafe. In some countries today, children still work in factories.
  • Robots often do the jobs people used to do in factories.
  • Heavy industry is a type of industry that needs lots of machines, equipment and workers. Building railroads, ships or skyscrapers are all types of heavy industry.
  • Light industry is any industry that builds small products, such as furniture, computers, clothing, medical equipment or electronics.
  • Many people today work in service industries. These industries don’t produce products that you can touch, but services you need. The person who wrote this article is a writer – a service profession. Lawyers and bankers are in service industries. So are doctors and nurses.
All about Industry Fun Facts for Kids - Image of an Electronics Industry
All about Industry Fun Facts for Kids – Image of an Electronics Industry

Industry Vocabulary

  1. Cottage industry: a small business owned by just a few people – or one person — that meets a local need
  2. Reliable: dependable
  3. Factory: a large industry that relies on machines to do the work
  4. Robot: machines usually operated by a computer

Learn More All about Industry

Check out this cool video all about industry for kids:

A documentary about how the industry started.

Industry Q&A

Question: How can I pick a job when I’m grown up?

Answer: Think about the things that interest you. If you’re lucky, you’ll find a way to earn money doing something you enjoy. Talk to people to learn about different industries and careers.