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Arctic Sea Ice Video for Kids

 

                                                    Arctic Sea Ice

The area round the North Pole is known as the Arctic Region. It is mostly covered by ice. This region includes Greenland, Canada, Iceland, Sweden, Russia, Finland and the United States. It occupies an ocean basin surrounded by land. Arctic sea ice is the frozen ocean water. Sea ice is white in colour, this is the reason it reflects most sunlight back to space. It limits the heat absorption of the poles.

Quick Facts: –

  • Being warmer than the air in winter, arctic sea ice works as a insulator between both of them.
  • Arctic sea ice reaches to a minimum in the month of September every year.
  • Sea ice is important for Arctic ecosystem to keep the food chain working properly.
  • Polar bears are completely dependent on sea ice like for their food, to give birth and to raise their pups.
  • Arctic sea ice is declining in both extend and thickness due to changes in climate.
  • It has a global influence on the earth.
  • The ocean must lose heat to the atmosphere for the ice to thicken.
  • Microwaves emitted from sea ice and oceans are different so satellite sensor can detect sea ice differently.
  • Arctic sea ice affects the overall weather by regulating the polar heat.
  • At the North Pole, there is no landmass so sea ice is extended all the way to the pole.
  • In September of 2015, the arctic sea ice has reached to the minimum extent of 4.41 million square kilometres.
  • The sea ice has reached to the maximum point in March 2016 with 14.52 million square kilometres.
 

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