A biome can be defined as a major regional group of distinctive plant and communities that are adapted to the region’s natural environment, latitude, elevation and terrain etc.
The type of a biome is determined by the climate and geography of the area. The sum of all living organisms of a particular biome or ecosystem is referred to as the biological community. Every ecosystem experience a process called succession over time.
Succession can be defined as the progressive replacement of one biological community by another. The most adapted biological community is known as a climax community.
Quick Facts: –
- There are a total of five major biomes in the world that are categorized as desert, grassland, tundra, forest, and aquatic.
- The climate of an ecosystem can be defined as its typical weather conditions and weather patterns.
- Approximately 1/3 of the earth’s stored carbon can be found in the Arctic Tundra soil.
- Tropical rainforests have vegetation so thick that less than 2% of sunlight reaches the ground.
- Temperate forests are also known as deciduous forests. They experience four distinct seasons.
- There are two different types of aquatic biomes that are freshwater and marine biome.
- The Arctic tundra is the earth’s coldest biome. Here, the Sun does not rises for nearly 6 months of the year.
- The coniferous forest can be described as area of land covered in evergreen trees that have needle leaves and cones.