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Famous Biologists Video for Kids

 

                                                Famous Biologists

A biologist is a specific type of scientist who studies about living organisms and their relation to the environment. Biologists study about humans, animals, bacteria etc. so that they can understand all the bodily functions and effects of external factors on them. They use various methods of research to gather data and develop or improvise theories on their basis. This video is all about 18 most famous biologists and their contribution in the field.

  • Charles Darwin: – He was born on February 12, 1809. He is best known for publishing his Theory of Evolution in a book ‘The Origin of Species’ in 1859. At the age of 73, he died on April 19, 1882.
  • Gregor Mendel: Mendel was born on July 22, 1822 in Austria. He introduced two laws after completing his experiment of cross-fertilizing of pea plants. Those two laws were the Law of Segregation and the Law of Independent Assortment. He is known as the father of modern genetics. He died on January 6, 1884.
  • Aristotle: Aristotle was born in 384 B.C. Both of his parents died when he was young. He was a polymath and contributed in many fields like philosophy, biology, botany, mathematics etc. He died in 322 B.C.
  • Claude Bernard: – Claude Bernard was born on July 12, 1813. He is best known for his discovery explaining the role of pancreas in digestion. His second great discovery was the glycogenic function of the liver. He died on February 10, 1878.
  • Louis Pasteur: Pasteur was a French microbiologist. His most important discovery was a food preparing process known as pasteurization. He discovered vaccination for different diseases like Anthrax and Rabies. He died on September 28, 1895.
  • Robert Hooke: – He was an English polymath and known for his work in different fields like astronomy, biology, physics etc. He was born on July 28, 1635. Hooke is known as a ‘Renaissance Man’ of 17th century England because of his contribution in the field of science. His most important discovery is ‘Hooke’s Law’ of elasticity.
  • Hippocrates: – Hippocrates was born in 460 B.C. He lived during the classical period of Greece. He was probably the first person to believe that diseases are common natural occurrences. They are not caused by some supernatural powers. He is known as the father of medicine. He died in 370 B.C.
  • Edward Jenner: – Edward Jenner, an English physician was born on May 17, 1749. He is best known for the discovery of smallpox vaccine. It was the world’s first vaccine. He died on January 26, 1823.
  • Antoine Lavoisier: – Lavoisier was born on August 26, 1743. In 1764. He published his first scientific paper. He was the first person to observe metabolism. He died on May 8, 1794.
  • Rachel Carson: – She was a marine biologist. Carson was born on May 27, 1907. She is best known for writing a sensational book ‘Silent Spring’. She wrote two other books as well. All of his books were physical explanation of life. She died on April 14, 1964.
  • Antoine van Leeuwenhoek: – He was a Dutch scientist born on October 24, 1632. He is best known as the father of microbiology. Leeuwenhoek discovered bacteria and parasitic microscopic protists. He has made more than 500 microscopes. He is the first one to observe blood flow in capillaries and muscle fibres. He died on August 26, 1723.
  • Alexander von Humboldt: – Humboldt was born on September 14, 1769. He is best known for the discovery of Humboldt Current off the west coast of South America. He was the first person who realized the need to preserve the cinchona plant. He died on May 6, 1859.
  • Galen: – Claudius Galen was born in 130 AD. He served as personal physician to Marcus Aurelius and his son, when the plague hit Rome. He died in 216 AD.
  • Joseph Lister: – Lister was born on April 5, 1827. He introduced new principles of cleanliness. He is best known as the father of antiseptic surgery. He died on February 10, 1912.
  • Robert Brown: – Robert Brown was born on December 21, 1773. He is famous for his descriptions of cell nuclei and continuous motion of minute particles in solution. He gave a classification for around 3,900 species of plants of his collections. Brown died on June 10, 1858.
  • Joseph Priestley: – Priestley was born on March 24, 1733 in Birstall, United Kingdom. In 1774, he discovered oxygen. He died on February 6, 1804.
  • Andreas Vesalius: – Vesalius was born on December 31, 1514. He is best known as the author of one of the most influential books on human anatomy ‘De humani corporis fabrica’. He died on October 15, 1564.
  • Luigi Galvani: – Galvani was born on September 9, 1737. He is famous for invention of the Voltaic Pile, a battery that avails a constant source of current electricity. He died on December 4, 1798.
 

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