Grand Canyon National Park

The Seasons
The Seasons

The Grand Canyon National Park is home to the most spectacular canyon in the world which is the Grand Canyon. It is located in north-western Arizona. This canyon measures about 1 mile in depth, 277 miles in length and 18 miles in width. It was carved by geological activity and erosion by the Colorado River over some 6 million years ago.

This canyon is neither the world’s longest or deepest gorge. It was first protected in 1893 as a reserve and later as a national monument. It became a national park on February 26, 1919.

Quick Facts: –

  • The powerful flow of the Colorado River is the reason why the Grand Canyon is getting bigger and changing its shape.
  • The Grand Canyon National Park covers a total area of 4,926 square kilometers.
  • There are more than 90 mammal species that call this national park their home.
  • There are approximately 1,737 known species of vascular plants, 167 species of fungi, 64 species of moss.
  • This national park was declared as a World Heritage Site in the year 1979.
  • A total of six different types of rattlesnakes can be found here. One of them has a pink hue that helps them to camouflage among the sunlit rocks.
  • The Skywalk is the most popular attraction in the park. You can walk out on a glass floored ledge with fantastic views of the canyon.
  • To prevent large canopy fires, fire fighters start small fires strategically to help refresh forest ecosystems.
  • This national park was honored with its own coin under the “America the Beautiful Quarters Program” in 2010.
  • It is the second most visited park in the U.S. after the Great Smoky Mountains national park.
  • Over 1000 caves are believed to be in the canyon but less than half so far are documented. Only one cave is open to the public.
  •  The canyon experiences different weather conditions and temperatures. It will vary vary by elevation. The higher in the canyon you go the cooler it gets.
  • The park headquarters is located in the Grand Canyon Village.
  • The canyon is home to 292 species of butterflies.