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Lake Malawi


Lake Malawi is an African Great Lake. It is located between Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania. This lake was formed around 2 million years ago from a rift in the earth. It is the 9th largest lake in the world and the 3rd largest in Africa. It has a total surface area of about 29,600 square kilometers.

It has an average depth of 264 meters and the maximum depth of 706 meters. It is a meromictic lake and has three different layers that do not mix because of different densities.


Quick Facts: –

  • Lake Malawi has a nickname, the Calendar Lake. At its longest point it’s 365 miles long and at its widest point, it’s 52 miles wide.
  • The first European to visit the lake was Candido Jose da Costa Cardoso in 1846. He was a Portuguese trader.
  • There are two inhabited islands on the lake, Likoma Island and Chizumulu Island. Likoma Island is the larger island.
  • Lake Malawi National Park has been designated as a UNESCO world Heritage site in 1984.
  • The total volume of this lake is 8,400 cubic kilometers which makes it the world’s fifth largest lake.
  • David Livingstone visited the lake in 1859 and he gave another name to it, Lake Nyasa.
  • The average annual temperature of the lake is 22.7°C and the average annual rainfall is 30 inches.
  • On August 16, 1914, it was the scene of a naval battle of World War I.



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Declan, Tobin. " All Facts for Kids about Lake Malawi ." Easy Science for Kids, Jan 2020. Web. 29 Jan 2020. < >.

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Tobin, Declan. (2020). All Facts for Kids about Lake Malawi. Easy Science for Kids. Retrieved from

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