Lake Tanganyika is the longest freshwater lake in the world with a length of 410 miles. It has an average width of 31 miles. This African Great Lake lies in the Great Rift Valley and is divided among four countries which are Burundi, Zambia, Tanzania and Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The total surface area of this lake is 32,900 square kilometers making it the world’s sixth largest by surface area. On the basis of volume, it is the second largest freshwater lake in the world as it holds an estimated 18,900 cubic kilometers of water.
Quick Facts: –
- The shoreline of Lake Tanganyika stretches for about 1,828 kilometers.
- The lake has an average depth of about 570 meters and its maximum depth is 1,470 meters.
- The average surface temperature of this lake is about 25°C.
- Numerous rivers flow into the lake including Malagarasi River, Ruzizi Riverand Kalambo River.
- This lake is estimated to be somewhere around 9 to 12 million years old which makes it one of the 20 ancient lakes in the world.
- Its basin is home to various forest reserves and national parks including Rusizi Nature Reserve, Kigwena Forest Reserve, and Nsumbu National Park etc.
- The one major outflow of the lake is the Lukuga River that flows into the Lualaba River and eventually into Atlantic Ocean.
- This lake is situated exactly on the line that divides the floral region of East and West Africa.
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Declan, Tobin. " Lake Tanganyika Fun Facts for Kids ." Easy Science for Kids, Jul 2018. Web. 21 Jul 2018. < http://easyscienceforkids.com/lake-tanganyika/ >.
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Tobin, Declan. (2018). Lake Tanganyika Fun Facts for Kids. Easy Science for Kids. Retrieved from http://easyscienceforkids.com/lake-tanganyika/
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