The Taiga Biome is the largest land-based biome and extends across Europe, Asia and North America. It is also known as the Coniferous or Boreal Forest. It is named after Boreas the Greek god of the North Wind. It represents 29% of the world’s forest cover. It is located right below the Tundra biome.
It is also found at cool high elevations in the more temperate latitudes. The temperature changes in this biome are extreme. It is either summer or winter. The spring and fall are too short to notice. During winters, temperature can reach as low as -60°F.
Quick Facts: –
- In Taiga Biome, wildfires are very common. They are necessary to get rid of old and sick trees.
- The average annual rainfall in the boreal forest biome is approximately 33 inches.
- The dominant plant in the taiga is the coniferous evergreen tree. This category includes spruce, pine and fir trees.
- These trees produce their seeds in cones. They also have needles for leaves and never drop their leaves.
- These plants can only grow for about three months during summers when the temperatures are favorable.
- The soil is very thin due to the cold weather and because of this these trees are more likely to have shallow roots.
- It is believed that many years ago, this biome was completely covered by glaciers. As the glaciers recede, cuts and depressions were left in the landscape.
- This biome is home to 85 species of mammals, 130 species of fish, some 32,000 species of insects and 300 species of bird.
- The iconic animals living in the Taiga Biome include wolves, bears, Arctic fox, Muskox and Siberian Tiger.