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What is Climate Change?


Climate change is any kind of significant change in the climatic conditions on Earth. The expected pattern of the earth noticed a long-term change in the weather of a region (or the whole Earth) in a particular period.

But before talking about climate change and its impact, first, we go through some basic knowledge of our surroundings and let’s get smart to understand.

As we all know, today’s modern activity includes, plugging in devices, cooling homes and driving cars all rely on energy resources. Natural gas, oil, and coal are those energy resources and it releases a gas called carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere.

The planet’s temperature rises when CO2 and other greenhouse gases produce heat. Due to this climate change starts to take place and it is known as global warming.

  • Climate: It is an average pattern of the weather conditions over a significant time. Climate is not weather, weather changes daily.
  • Global Warming: The increase in earth’s average temperature caused by human activity over a long period.
  • Carbon Dioxide: A gas released due to the burning of coal, natural gas, oil, and wood, it produces heat into the atmosphere.
  • Carbon Footprint: The total amount of carbon dioxide caused by an individual, event, organization, or product into the environment in a year.
  • Fossil Fuels: Fuel, such as coal, oil, and natural gas formed by natural processes which come from the breakdown of ancient plants and animals over millions of years.


Climate Change Impacts include:

  • Heat waves: Due to high humidity the excessively hot weather period is producing, especially in oceanic climate countries. As the earth gets warmer, more areas will be at risk for hotter and more frequent extreme heat waves.
  • Heavy Precipitation: It refers to heavy rainfall or snowfall experienced in a location which substantially exceeds the normal levels. In many locations, heavy downpours have become more common.
  • Sea-Level Rise: Due to the melting glaciers and ice sheets the sea level is continuously rising. Warming of seas and oceans is making coastal storms and hurricanes more destructive.
  • Threats to animals and habitats: Due to the warming temperatures, many plants and animals are migrating away from the equator or to the higher elevations. Some animals may face difficulty in moving or adapting to new habitats.
  • Drought: The risk of drought is increasing in some areas because of global warming. Population growth is leading to higher water demands. The higher temperatures is leading to more evaporation, stressing the water supplies developed in many regions.
  • Wildfires: Wildfires are large fires which burn a huge amount of forests and brush. It can be deadly because it is uncontrollable and it can destroy homes as well.
  • Ocean Acidification: The ongoing decrease in the pH level of our oceans caused by the uptake of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere. This is making life difficult for corals and microorganisms which are forming shells to survive, disrupting the food supply chain for other sea animals.


Question & Answers: –

Ques. What is climate?

Ans. Climate is an average pattern of weather conditions over a significant time.


Ques. What is Climate Change?

Ans. Climate change is any kind of significant change in the climatic conditions on Earth.


Ques. What are modern activities?

Ans. Plugging in devices, driving cars, cooling homes, etc.


Ques. What are the energy resources on which modern activities rely on?

Ans. Natural gas, oil, coal, etc.



Ques. What is global warming?

Ans. Increase in the earth’s average temperature over a long period.


Ques. What is carbon dioxide (CO2)?

Ans. Gas released due to the burning of coal, natural gas, oil, wood, etc.


Ques. What is fossil fuel?

Ans. Natural fuel such as coal, gas and natural gas.


Ques. How is fossil fuel formed?

Ans. Fossil fuel is formed by natural processes, such as from the breakdown of ancient plants and animals over millions of years.



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Declan, Tobin. " What is Climate Change? - ." Easy Science for Kids, Nov 2020. Web. 28 Nov 2020. < >.

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