The Arctic Circle is located at the northernmost part on earth. It consists of the Arctic Ocean and parts of Canada, Russia, the USA, Norway, Greenland, Finland, Sweden and Iceland. It covers approximately 5.4 million square miles. The term Arctic has been derived from the Greek word meaning ‘near the bear’.
Two star constellations found in the northern sky are called “Great Bear” and “Little Bear” so the Arctic was named from these constellations. Over time, the arctic region has shrunk due to global warming. The lowest temperature recorded in the Arctic was -68°C (-90.4°F) in Siberia.
Quick Facts: –
- The line of the Arctic is about 1,650 miles south of the North Pole.
- The ice in the Arctic contains around 10 percent of the entire world’s freshwater. It plays an important role in keeping our global climate stable.
- This region is home to lots of wonderful wildlife including polar bears, arctic foxes, seals, whales etc.
- Today, the Arctic is home to approximately 4 million people and most of them are non-indigenous settlers.
- The region has a number of natural resources including fish, oil, gas and various other minerals.
- Grey whales migrate 12,500 miles from the Arctic to Mexico and back every year.
- If all the ice in the Arctic Circle melts then the global sea level would rise approximately 24 feet, this certainly would not be good for mankind.
- The Arctic has a direct opposite, the Antarctic region. It is the southernmost part of Earth.
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