North Pole Facts

The North Pole also known as the terrestrial North Pole is a fixed geographic point that forms the axis on which the Earth spins. The earth’s axis wobbles slightly. This wobble is also called polar motion. There is no land beneath this pole other than a floating sheet of Arctic ice which is around 6 to 9 feet thick.

This ice sheet expands to double its size in colder months of the year. The nearest land is approximately 700 miles away. This pole is not in any country but it has parts of international waters. It is the northernmost point on the earth. There are actually two North Poles, Geographic North Pole, and Magnetic North Pole.


Quick Facts: –

  • Robert E. Peary is credited with the discovery of this pole. He discovered the area on April 6, 1909, and completed his entire journey on a dog sled.
  • Here, the temperature can drop to freezing 31° below zero.
  • You will not find any penguins here. You will only find polar bears.
  • The North Pole is not the coldest place on the earth even if it has a bone-chilling -31° temperature. Antarctica is coldest.
  • Environmental conditions are too harsh for human life but there are native Inuit tribes living in Alaska and northern Canada.
  • People do not live at the North Pole but they live in its Arctic Circle.
  • This pole is considered the home for Santa Clause.
  • The place spends half of the year in light and the remaining half in the darkness.
  • If you stand exactly on the terrestrial North Pole, then no matter which direction you choose to move in, you will be moving south only.
  • This pole also experiences seasons as the temperature varies at different times of the year.