Biofuel can be defined as any type of fuel which gets the energy from the process of biological carbon fixation. This process takes place in living organisms. It is a non-mineral based fuel so it is not extracted from the ground. The first ever car to run on Biofuel was designed by Henry Ford. It was the Model T Ford and it ran on ethanol.
Some people confuse bio fuels and fossil fuels with each other but in actual fact, both are different. The main difference is that in Biofuel, biological carbon fixation takes place in months or years but in fossil fuels, the process can take thousands or millions of years.
Quick Facts: –
- Bio fuels are classified into three categories which are first generation, second generation and third generation.
- First generation fuels are also known as convention fuels. They are made from things like sugar, vegetable oil etc.
- Second generation fuels can be produced from sustainable feedstock.
- Third generation bio fuels are derived from algae. Although it is not a traditional category but some people refer to it.
- Biodiesel can be produced from everything including vegetable oil, coffee grounds, and exotic plants like Jatropha etc.
- It is a safer fuel option as it has a higher ignition point as compared to other types of fuels.
- A Biofuel can exist in all three states of matter including solid, liquid and gas form.
- The diesel engine was originally designed to run on vegetable oil. Its inventor Rudolf Diesel created a diesel engine running on peanut oil.
- Gasoline and diesel are ancient biofuels but known as fossil fuels because they are made from decomposed plants and animals.