All About Europe

Europe is the world’s second smallest continent covering a total land area of only 4,000,000 square miles. Despite having a relatively small size, it is the third largest after Asia and Africa when it comes to population.

The name ‘Europe’ is believed to have originated from the Greek word ‘Eurus’ that means wide or broad. There are a total of 50 countries in Europe. Over 740 million people live here. Germany has the largest population in the European continent with over 82 million residents.

Europe Facts For Kids

  • Europe is the second smallest continent.
  • It’s made up of 44 countries.
  • The largest country is Russia.
  • The smallest country is Vatican City.
  • It has many languages, but English is widely spoken.
  • The longest river is the Volga in Russia.
  • The highest peak is Mount Elbrus, also in Russia.
  • It’s known for famous landmarks like Eiffel Tower.
  • The European Union unites 27 countries.
  • Europe has a rich history, from the Romans to WWII.

European Union

Did you know, you’re part of something big when you’re in any of the 27 countries that make up the European Union? That’s right, the European Union is a political and economic union of countries in Europe. It was created to foster peace and prosperity among its members, and it’s been doing just that since its inception.

The European Union is a melting pot of cultures, traditions, and languages. In fact, it recognizes 24 official languages. That’s quite a linguistic diversity, isn’t it? So, whether you’re in France speaking French, in Germany speaking German, or in Spain speaking Spanish, you’re still part of the European Union. It’s a testament to the unity in diversity that the European Union represents.

History of Europe

The history of Europe is rich and complex, starting from the ancient Greeks and Romans, spanning the Middle Ages, and leading up to the modern era. The European continent has seen various empires rise and fall, each leaving its mark on the landscape and culture.

In the 5th century, the fall of the Roman Empire marked the start of the Middle Ages, a time filled with knights and castles.

Fast forward to the 15th century, and you’ll find Europe undergoing the Renaissance, a period of rebirth in art, literature, and science.

As the centuries passed, Europe experienced industrialization, world wars, and the formation of the European Union.

It’s amazing to see how history has shaped Europe into what it is today.

European Culture

Immerse yourself in the diverse cultures of this continent, where each country’s customs, traditions, and languages are a testament to its rich history and distinct identity.

Culture in European countries is as varied as the landscapes. From the romantic art of France to the flamenco dance of Spain, Europe’s culture is a wonderful tapestry woven through time.

Modern history has also shaped Europe’s cultural identity. The Renaissance, which began in Italy, spread ideas and artistic styles across the continent. More recently, events such as the World Wars and the fall of the Berlin Wall have left an indelible mark.

Whether it’s literature, music, cuisine, or fashion, Europe’s culture is a fascinating blend of the old and the new. So, get ready to explore and discover what makes Europe so unique and captivating.

European Geography

Spanning from the Arctic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea, it’s the continent’s diverse geography that shapes and influences the unique cultures of each European nation. From the towering mountain ranges in the Alps to the winding rivers of the Danube and Rhine, Europe’s geography is as varied as it is vast.

Each region offers its own unique scenery, climate, and natural resources. You’ll find lush green forests in the north, hot sunny beaches in the south, wide open plains in the east, and rugged coastlines in the west. This diverse geography also means a variety of wildlife and plant life.

So, whether you’re exploring the icy tundras of Scandinavia or the rolling hills of Tuscany, Europe’s geography is sure to captivate your imagination.


Comprised of 19 member countries, the Eurozone represents a significant economic powerhouse. A shared currency, the euro, facilitates commerce and fosters interdependence among nations. The eurozone is one of the most important Europe facts for kids to understand, as it’s crucial to the functioning of Western Europe.

You’ll find many of the countries using the euro are in Western Europe, including big names like Germany, France, and Italy. This shared currency makes it easy for these countries to trade with each other, boosting their economies and strengthening their ties. It’s like a massive team, working together to score economic goals.

So, remember, the eurozone isn’t just a group of countries, it’s a symbol of unity and cooperation in Europe.


Now that we’ve chatted about the Eurozone, let’s navigate towards a significant event in Northern Europe that has made big waves across continents – Brexit.

Brexit is a term that stands for ‘British Exit’ referring to the UK’s decision in a June 2016 referendum to leave the European Union. This was a huge surprise for many, given the UK’s long-standing membership in the union. The decision was made by a public vote, and it’s led to a lot of changes, particularly in trade, laws, and immigration.

It’s seen as one of the most significant political moves in modern European history. So, remember, Brexit is more than just a catchy term; it represents a pivotal shift in Europe’s political landscape.

European Capitals

Let’s embark on a virtual journey to explore the fascinating capitals of European nations, each brimming with unique culture, history, and remarkable architecture.

First stop, Paris, the romantic capital of France. Known as the ‘City of Light’, it’s filled with iconic landmarks like the Eiffel Tower and the Louvre.

Next, you’ll find Vatican City, the smallest independent state in the world, nestled within Rome. It’s home to the Pope and a trove of incredible art and architecture.

Europe’s capitals aren’t just historic, they’re also among the biggest cities in the world. London, Berlin, and Madrid are bustling metropolises that you can’t miss. Each city offers a unique blend of the old and new, making Europe a captivating continent to explore.

Schengen Area

The Schengen Area is an intriguing zone that abolishes passport and other types of border control at their mutual borders. Imagine traveling from one country to another in southern Europe, without any border checks. That’s the beauty of the Schengen Area.

It’s a group of 26 European countries that have decided to function as one big country for travel purposes.

In this area, you can move freely from one country to another without the hassle of border controls. This makes travel a breeze, especially for families on vacation.

But don’t get confused, each country within the Schengen Area still governs itself independently. They’ve just agreed to make travel easier for everyone.

Now that’s some European unity worth appreciating!

Eastern Europe

While Western Europe often grabs the spotlight, there’s a hidden gem tucked away in the east: Eastern Europe. This vast region, defined by its unique culture, history, and geography, is brimming with charm and diversity.

The primary languages spoken here are the Slavic languages, which include Russian, Polish, and Ukrainian. You’ll find that these languages, with their complex grammatical structures and rich vocabularies, add a distinct flavor to the region’s culture.

Eastern Europe is also home to the Volga River, the longest river in Europe. It stretches across Russia, offering breathtaking views and serving as an important waterway for trade and transportation.

So, if you’re up for an adventure, Eastern Europe is waiting to surprise you with its hidden wonders.

Western Europe

Now, if you’ve got a taste for art, history, and exquisite cuisine, Western Europe’s got a whole smorgasbord of experiences that’ll leave you in awe. This part of the continent boasts some of the most famous art museums and historical sites in the world.

The European population here is diverse, with people from all walks of life calling it home. You’ll find that many Western Europeans speak Romance languages, including French, Italian, and Spanish. These languages, along with their rich cultures, give Western Europe its unique charm.

From the Eiffel Tower in France to the Colosseum in Italy, there’s no shortage of eye-catching sights. So, get ready to be amazed by the beauty and history that Western Europe has to offer.



  • Largest Country: Russia
  • Largest City: Moscow, Russia
  • Smallest Country: Vatican City
  • Istanbul in Turkey is the largest populated city with over 15 million residents.
  • Biggest Island: Greenland
  • Longest River: Volga River
  • Highest Mountain: Mount Elbrus
  • Biggest Lake: Lake Ladoga
  • Largest Waterfalls: Rhine Falls
  • Largest Active Volcano: Mount Etna
  • Largest Glacier: Vatna Glacier located in Iceland.
  • Largest volcano in Europe is Mount Etna located in Italy.
  • The lowest point in Europe is the Caspian Sea, it is 92 feet below sea level.


Fun Facts: –

  • The world’s largest colony of ants was found in Europe.
  • The European Empire was in history the largest empire.
  • The continent is known for its diversity even when it comes to climate.
  • There is no geological separation of the landmass between Europe and Asia.
  • The European Economic Community, or EEC, was established in 1957.
  • There are 28 European countries that are members of the European Union.
  • The most commonly practiced religion in Europe is Christianity.
  • Approximately 11% of the world’s population lives in Europe.
  • Europeans love chocolate, over 50% of the world’s chocolate is eaten here.
  • The is only one remaining Rainforest in Europe, located in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is called the Perucica Forest.
  • The highest toilet at a height of 4,200 m is located on Mont Blanc.